Authentication on WCF Data Service or OData: Windows Authentication Part 1

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By  Dhananjay Kumar   On  04 Oct 2010 10:10:51
Tag : WCF , General
I am going to show how to enable windows authentication on WCF Data Service.
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In this article, I am going to show how to enable windows authentication on WCF Data Service. 
Follow the below steps

Step 1

Create WCF Data Service.
Read below how to create WCF Data Service and introduction to OData.

While creating data model to be exposed as WCF Data Service, we need to take care of only one thing that Data model should be created as SQL Login 

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So while creating data connection for data model connects to data base through SQL Login.

Step 2

Host WCF Data Service in IIS.  WCF Data Service can be hosted in exactly the same way a WCF Service can be hosted. Read below how to host WCF 4.0 service in IIS 7.5

Step 3
Now we need to configure WCF Service hosted in IIS for Windows authentication. 

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Here I have hosted WCF Data Service in WcfDataService IIS web site. Select WcfDataService and in IIS category you can see Authentication tab. 

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On clicking on Authentication tab, you can see various authentication options. Enable Windows authentication and disable all other authentication 

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To enable or disable a particular option just click on that and at left top you can see the option to toggle 

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Now by completing this step you have enabled the Windows authentication on WCF Data Service hosted in IIS.

Passing credential from .Net Client
If client windows domain is having access to server then

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If client is not running in windows domain which is having access to server then credential we need to pass the as below,

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So to fetch all the records

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.Services.Client;
using ConsoleApplication1.ServiceReference1; 

namespace ConsoleApplication1
{class Program
    {static void Main(string[] args)
            NorthwindEntities1 entity = new NorthwindEntities1
                                       (new Uri("http://localhost:7890/wcfdataservice1.svc/"));
            entity.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;
            entity.Credentials = new System.Net.NetworkCredential("UserName", "Password", "Domian");try{

                var result = from r in entity.Products select r;foreach (var r in result)
            }catch (DataServiceQueryException ex)


In above article we saw how to enable Windows authentication on WCF Data Service and then how to consume from .Net client. In next article we will see how to consume Windows authenticated WCF Data Service from SilverLight client.

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About Author
Dhananjay Kumar
Occupation-Software Engineer
Company-Infosys Technolgies,Pune
Member Type-Gold
Joined date-20 Jul 2009
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Dhananjay Kumar is Microsoft MVP on connected system. He blogs at . You can follow him and reach him at
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